All You Need To Know About Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia

Have you ever heard the word “schizophrenia” and immediately thought it was just delusions? Then you’ve got it a little wrong here. It’s just a lot more than this. Schizophrenia causes severe functional impairment.

Delusions: These are certain beliefs that are false by nature and not supported by reality. For example, you feel threatened or harassed; you are the target of certain gestures or remarks, and you are exceptionally famous; you are in love with someone else, or a serious disaster is about to happen. The majority of people with schizophrenia experience delusions.

Hallucinations: Typically, they involve hearing or seeing nonexistent things. Hearing voices is the most frequent hallucination, though they can occur in any sense. Experiences that seem real but are actually made by your mind are called hallucinations. They include having sensory perceptions that are different from those of those around you, such as seeing or hearing voices.

Abnormal or Hugely Disorganized Motor Behavior: This may manifest in a variety of ways, ranging from carelessness to irrational agitation. Because behavior isn’t goal-focused, tasks are challenging to complete. Resistance to instructions, odd or inappropriate postures, a complete lack of response, or unnecessary and excessive movement are all examples of behavior.

Negative Symptoms: This describes a reduced or absent capacity to carry out routine tasks. For instance, they might not take care of their personal hygiene or show a lack of emotion by speaking monotonously, avoiding eye contact, or changing their facial expressions. Additionally, the person might stop enjoying usual tasks, withdraw socially, or be unable to enjoy themselves.

Over time, symptoms can change in type and severity, with periods when they get worse and times when they go away. Some symptoms might be present at all times. Schizophrenia symptoms in men typically appear between the ages of 20 and 30. The typical onset of symptoms in women is in their late 20s. Schizophrenia is rarely diagnosed in children and even less frequently in people over the age of 45.

Schizophrenia Symptoms In Teenagers

Symptoms in teenagers can be similar, but they are very difficult to diagnose. This may be partially due to the fact that some of the early symptoms of schizophrenia in teenagers are typical of childhood, such as:

  • withdrawal from family and friends
  • a decrease in academic performance
  • difficulty sleeping
  • irritability or a gloomy attitude
  • a lack of motivation
  • Additionally, recreational drug use—including marijuana, methamphetamine, or LSD—can occasionally result in similar signs and symptoms.

When compared to adult schizophrenia symptoms, teen symptoms may be:

  • less inclined to be delusional
  • more prone to experiencing visual hallucinations

Causes

There is no known cause for schizophrenia. According to medical researchers, a number of factors, such as:

  • biological 
  • genetic 
  • environmental 

According to a reliable source, imaging studies performed on people with schizophrenia may reveal abnormalities in specific brain structures. There is still research being done in this area.

Psychosis vs. Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia and psychosis can be mistaken for one another, but they are not the same. The other is a symptom or series of symptoms, while the first is a mental health condition.

Psychosis can also happen to people who don’t have any other signs of a mental health problem.

Complications

Although schizophrenia patients can experience psychosis, not all people with this condition do. Seek help right away if you or someone you know is showing signs of psychosis.

Schizophrenia can cause serious issues that impact every aspect of life if it is not treated. Schizophrenia may lead to or be linked to a number of complications, including:

Prevention

Although there is no surest way of preventing schizophrenia, adhering to the prescribed course of treatment can help stop relapses and the worsening of symptoms. Researchers also hope that gaining a better understanding of schizophrenia risk factors will enable earlier detection and treatment.

Lastly,

Although living with schizophrenia can be really difficult while going about your day-to-day life, you can always reduce the symptoms or relapses by sticking to the treatment plan given to you by your psychiatrist or therapist. Sticking to your prescribed medications and planning your therapy sessions ahead can be really helpful in dealing with this. 

Although symptoms of schizophrenia may disappear for a while before coming back, it is still possible to live a healthy, symptom-free life. Your prognosis will improve if you take your doctor’s advice.

Seeking help is a sign of courage. Don't let self-limiting beliefs hold you back from a life you deserve. Avail online therapy to become happier and better. Learn how



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