What Is Happiness?


People strive to attain happiness, yet different people have different definitions of what it is. The emotions of joy, satisfaction, contentment, and fulfilment are indicators of happiness. Although there are many distinct definitions of happiness, it is frequently said to involve joyful feelings and a sense of fulfilment in one’s life. 


To begin with, happiness can be defined as a state of well-being, i.e., a state when individuals are happy. Moreover, it is a state in which people express pleasure and contentment. It is satisfaction with one’s current life. Besides, happiness is not a trait; people are not born with it, but rather it is a choice. Regardless, some people are happy to receive necessities while others are not happy even after being blessed with luxuries. Ultimately, the approach towards life and attitudes depend a lot on attaining happiness in life. 

There are two essential elements of happiness (or subjective well-being): 

Everyone has a healthy balance of both positive and negative feelings, emotions, and moods. Generally speaking, being happier is linked with having more good or positive emotions than negative ones. 

Life satisfaction refers to how content you are with various aspects of your life, such as your relationships, career, accomplishments, and other things you value highly. 

Pleasure vs Happiness 

Anything that gives pleasure is called happiness. However, it is difficult to use both words separately since they have somewhat similar meanings. Yet, most people use them interchangeably, and both of them carry different meanings in the literal sense. 

It is a state of well-being that enhances satisfaction and contentment in life. Additionally, it is a continuous state, not merely a moment. Conversely, pleasure is about a mere moment. Receiving a message from a loved one, having a favourite dessert, or shopping. All of these things give a feeling of excitement at the very moment, and individuals experience pleasure.

Besides, even though happiness is not a lasting state, its duration varies, but it’s longer than pleasure. Considering that both happiness and pleasure affect each other, they are interrelated. It is increased when small moments of pleasure escalate. Consequently, with happiness in life, the feelings of pleasure deepen. 

Happiness vs Meaning 

There is an even clearer distinction between meaning and happiness. Happiness and meaning are rarely used synonymously or in the same sentence, and this is for the excellent reason that they describe two quite different experiences. 

Contrary to happiness, meaning is a more comprehensive sense of purpose and a sense of making a positive contribution to something bigger than oneself. 


“Self-happiness” refers to a feeling of satisfaction with oneself, even though the term is not frequently used. It is frequently linked to concepts like self-esteem, self-confidence, and other ideas that link “the self” to happiness and fulfilment. 

In general, it indicates that you are content with who you are as a person, your decisions, and yourself. 

Signs Of Happiness 

Although everyone’s definitions of happiness may differ, there are a few crucial indicators that psychologists look for when evaluating and analyzing happiness.

1. Having the impression that your life is what you wanted. 

2. Allowing things to happen as they do and being open to life as it is 

3. Feeling as though your life is going well. 

4. Appreciating constructive, wholesome interactions with others. 

5. Being content with your life. 

6. Having more happy moments than negative feelings 

7. Being receptive to fresh concepts and encounters

8. Taking care of oneself and being kind and compassionate to oneself. 

9. A feeling of thankfulness 

10. Feeling as though your life has meaning and is being lived with purpose 

Hedonic Approach To Happiness 

The Hedonic view was built on the writings of Epicurus. According to Epicurus, pleasure is the absence of pain, both physically and mentally. Moreover, for several other philosophers too, happiness is an increase in pleasure and a decrease in pain. Besides, for the hedonistic approach, happiness is defined in terms of pleasure or well-being. In particular, Diener explained a model of well-being that contains two components: cognitive and affective components. Life satisfaction is the cognitive component that involves the evaluation of one’s life. Furthermore, the affective component includes both positive and negative emotions. Likewise, subjective well-being is associated with greater positive emotions, which lead to greater life satisfaction and fewer negative emotions. 

Eudaimonic Approach To Happiness 

According to Aristotle, everyone needs to be happy. Happiness and pleasure for an individual are provided by leisure. Furthermore, Aristotle said eudemonia is the greatest of all achievable goods. “Good” in this is the ultimate end of all actions. Equally, a destination is more worthwhile than an ongoing activity. Happiness is the goal and purpose of life. In particular, according to Aristotle, happy life is a life that is right, rational, perfect, wise, chosen, good, and moral. Significantly, this view focuses on the full potential of humans, striving and realizing one’s full potential. 

Science Behind Happiness

Although we frequently believe that the things that happen to us make us happy, science contends that our brains play a major role in pleasure. Because of this, even if we don’t make any other changes to our life, changing the way we think can make us happier. For instance, learning and focusing on good words causes the brain’s word-related areas to become active. Therefore, when I hear the word “adventure,” it will probably bring up pleasant recollections of my past adventures.

Not only does this feel nice at the time, but it may also make it simpler to produce similar feelings and ideas in the future. This is so because any time a brain region is stimulated, it grows stronger. Therefore, learning or concentrating on good phrases can make it simpler for your brain to access pleasant ideas, memories, and sensations. 

Cultivating Happiness 

1. Follow your intrinsic goals- Achieving goals that you are intrinsically motivated to work toward, especially those that are centred on community and personal improvement, might assist in increasing happiness. 

2. Enjoy the moment- Studies have shown that being in the moment, and practising gratitude, actually increases your happiness rather than collecting possessions of a moment you enjoy. 

3. Reframe Negative Thoughts- Look for ways to rephrase your thoughts in a more positive way when you find yourself with a pessimistic attitude or feeling negative. In a negativity bias, people naturally focus on the negative rather than the positive. This may affect everything, including your decision-making process and the way you perceive other people. Negative thoughts can also be exacerbated by discounting the positive, a cognitive bias in which people emphasize the negative and disregard the positive. 

4. Develop deeper and meaningful relationships- Being well-adjusted requires social support, which is crucial. According to research, good social connections are the best indicator of happiness. Relationships with those you love can reduce stress, improve your health, and make you happier.

5. Body Movement- Exercise benefits both the body and the mind. A variety of medical and psychological benefits, including better mood, are associated with physical activity. Regular exercise may help prevent the symptoms of depression, according to numerous studies, but there is also evidence that it may help people feel happy. 

6. Practice Gratitude- Researchers suggest that those who wrote about their appreciation experienced an increase in happy feelings, enhanced subjective happiness, and higher levels of life satisfaction.

7. Finding a Sense of Purpose- Having a sense of purpose is believing that your life has objectives, a direction, and a purpose. Encouraging healthier behaviors, might assist to increase happiness.

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