Addiction

 

Addiction in simple terms is a dependency condition of a particular habit or action that makes us uncomfortable or restless to live without. We all are dependent or have a habit of doing some or the other thing that helps us feel good, better or satisfied. But when we see addiction in a context of worry, clinical perspective and inappropriate or illicit behavioural cycle it is chronic and has emotional and psychological base to it.

The symptoms:

  • High and constant desire to involve into the habit or action
  • Severe loss of control
  • Preoccupation with using
  • Emotional distress leading to increased unhealthy behaviour
  • Developing habit as a method of distraction or for a momentary relief
  • Restlessness and impulsivity if not involved in the habit
  • Developed a habit as uncontrollable element

‘The Indian Express’ reported, At present, it is estimated that around 7.21 crore people are affected due to drugs," said Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Thaawar Chand Gehlot.

Addiction Spectrum

Alcohol and Substance Behavioral
Alcohol Sex or unusual sexual habits
Tobacco, Cannabis Internet, Screen or Games
Prescription Drugs Shopping/ excessive spending
Inhalants Food
Other unspecified substances  

Examples

Suraj increased his Alcohol dependency to deal with the financial loss he had to experience because of impulsive decision he took around 3 years ago. The guilt and loss of hard earned money made him more vulnerable and sensitive to the event that happened.

Rachna’s low-confidence and inability to express or answer back since her teens began to make her self-critical and indifferent about self and loved ones. She found solace in physical and online shopping.

Mihir as a victim of sexually illicit behaviour in the house, developed a casual approach towards female and sexual pleasure in a manner which eventually began to hamper the different aspect of his life and his personality too.

Kavya’s social anxiety and fear of rejection made her sniff whitener to relax high palpitation and restlessness but one challenge led to another before she agreed to take professional help and look deeper into her concerns.

Dinesh, what started as a occasional drinking and one time experience of trying various drugs eventually became a habit and dependency in company of friends.

If we look closely to the examples cited above we clearly see the base to irrational cognition, developing unhealthy coping mechanism to stressful events in life has been due to some or the other internal or external factors. We all have a response cycle to event that takes place and shapes-up our lives but in our professional tenure of mental health space we do understand that the person who is going through or have developed Addiction in any form as a coping mechanism have always wanted to deal with it to their best capacity. But, what stopped them ?

  • Inexperience
  • Lack of support, fear
  • Hesitation to ask for help
  • Sharing actual turmoil
  • Hiding everything under ‘all okay Mask’
  • Unavailability of the desired resources
  • Hopelessness
  • losing control over situation

Before falling prey to unhealthy coping mechanism People do try to deal with it in their best capacity but overpowering emotional disturbances due to

  • Constant criticism
  • Critical self-analysis
  • Guilt
  • Fear
  • Self-doubt
  • Low-self esteem. Makes the situation more vulnerable

Realising and accepting the fact by consciously becoming aware about our unhealthy habits is one of the major goal to be achieved either on own, with the support or loved ones or with the help of an expert. There are few addiction we are very hesitant to discuss in Face to Face discussion, Online Counselling services like ‘BetterLyf’ who provides and counseling options like Chat Session, Audio Call session, Video call session and Face to Face session allows one to keep the identity anonymous.

Addiction is any form not only causes emotional or psychological pain but also Physica pain in long run. People with severe addiction get increasingly sick over time, develop other illnesses as a result of the disease, and can ultimately die.

Therapeutic Route:-

  • History taking

    This is the first crucial step of gathering information form the counselee and significant other (if possible and available) to understand the severity, response cycle and personality traits of the person which enables in understanding the root cause.

  • Dealing with primary symptoms

    Dealing with the root cause to identify and rationalize associated emotions and thoughts.

  • Dealing with withdrawal conditions

    In cases of addiction withdrawal phase is discomforting, restlessness and impulsivity causing early relapse so dealing with it becomes necessary stage.

  • Cognitive and emotional rationalization

    Dealing with thoughts, emotions and rationalizing them in order to deal with same stressor or new stressor in present and future.

  • Forming healthy coping mechanism

    Each and every person is unique and has positive and healthy response cycle too, using the same to our advantage becomes necessary to see healthy life ahead.

  • Resilience building

    Accepting life and situations in positive light and dealing with negative or challenging aspect with an approach by developing few traits.

  • Sustaining positive change

    Addictions do have positive momentary pleasures and those memories do trigger so understanding how we can do those habits or actions in a healthy way.

  • Follow-up

Counseling Qutcome

  • Healthy mind and body
  • Improved relationship with self, family, partner and society
  • Living in the present
  • Healthy Self Management
  • Improved self-understanding

Know Your Counsellor

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